The survey and settlement operations are maintained in documents known as 'Land Records'. Detailed map of all the fields in a village are prepared during land survey for settlement of land revenue and preparation of records of rights. The preliminary record writing consist of the preparation of the Dag Chitha and the preliminary records of rights, i.e Jamabandi and Tenant's Khatian.
Dag stands for plots Chitha means a register. Each and every plot of all settled or unsettled land is given a number (Dag No). The Dag Chitha or Field-index is written according to the Serial Number of the fields in the village. A piece of land within one boundary is possessed by one person or persons jointly. This register is a conclusive proof of the classification of land i.e whether the land is a Govt land (Khas land in Manipur), a grazing ground, a fishery or a private land.
It is a register where the landholders are maintained alphabetically along with the details of the lands held by them. The field in the possession of each land holder and the classification of each field are entered from the Dag Chitha.
Jamabandi Register is maintained separately for periodic estates and annual leases in the Circle Office. The periodic Jamabandi Register is maintained in duplicate. One copy is maintained in the office of Deputy Commissioner or Sub-Divisional Officer and the other copy in the Circle Office by the Recorder.
This is the register of tenants, and entry of a tenant name gives him virtually the same status as that of a land holder in Jamabandi. The fields in the Tenant's Khatian form shall be entered from Dag Chitha and Jamabandi.